History of Dikili, Izmir, Turkey
History of Dikili dates back to 4000-5000 BC. In the scope of the historical records, lands of Dikili have hosted numerous civilizations from the first ages to the present depending on its unique characteristics i.e. very productive soil, deep blue sea, clean and long beaches…
The region is known as Mysia, along with the history, initially has shown the tracks of civilizations belonging to the tribes such as Luwiler, Leleg of Helens and Peselag. Dikili has become the hometown of Lydians, Persians, Phrygians, Romans and Pergamonians in the past history. Many cities belonging to different civilizations of the ancient ages have found around Dikili as well.
Atarneus is one of the most developed one of these ancient cities in Dikili. Aristotle also have lived in Atarneus too. Furthermore, Dikili have hosted Byzantines, Genoeses, Seljuks and Ottomans in the middle ages. Dikili was one the villages of the district Bergama in 1860. Dikili has become a district of Izmir in October 13th, 1928.
According to the archeological digs and works, many civilizations have settled on the lands of Dikili. Atarneus, Pytany, Teuthrania, Malea, Attaia, Elaia, Kanai, Karina and Aigai are some of those civilizations that are found in and around Dikili lands.
ATARNEUS – Atarneus Hill
Atarneus is the ost famous of the ancient cities in Dikili. The first city which was built in B.C. 4000 by the Acadians in the center of Agilkale that is situated close to Dikili, took the name of “Atarneus” which means “mother goddess & holy source”.
Aristotle; known as the most genius of the classical philosophy, wrote some of his works that have become the basis of the philosophy nearly 2400 years ago in Atarneus, today known as Aristotelian Hill.
In B.C. 367, Aristotle, who was taken from his home Thrace-Stagyre by the family friend Proksen and brought to Atarneus, married with Pythias, the niece of Atarneus King Hermias and gave his lectures here. After the King Hermias fell from his throne, Aristotle left Atarneus and went to the Macedonian Palace for becoming the tutor of Alexander.önetimden düşmesinin ardından İskender’in özel hocalığını yapmak üzere Makedonya Sarayı’na davet edilen Aristoteles, sonrasında Atarneus’tan ayrılmıştır…
PYTANY (CASTLE OF CANDARLI)
One of the historical heritages of Dikili is the castle of Pytany that is located at the nearby town Candarli. Glorious Pytany Castle, currently known as Candarli Castle, was built in the 13th century and restored by the Turks is one of the best preserved castles in Turkey.
According to the legend, Amazon woman warriors dominated the district and became the founders of the many coast cities. Pytany, meaning “The City of Women” has come from this legend.